Purple Awareness Pins To Celebrate National Cancer Survivors Day

National Cancer Survivors Day is an annual holiday dedicated to celebrating life after cancer diagnosis. Managed by the National Cancer Survivors Day Foundation, this holiday is held on the first Sunday in June each year. National Cancer Survivors Day 2011 was held on June 5th. Started in 1988, this year’s National Cancer Survivors Day marks the holiday’s 23rd anniversary. Originally held solely in the United States, holiday celebrations now also take place in Canada, India, the Netherlands and many other nations around the world.

Thanks to medical research and early detection, the number of cancer survivors has increased dramatically over the past decades. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, while there were 3 million cancer survivors in 1971, the figure for 2007 was 11.7 million of people who are living with this disease.

Though National Cancer Survivors Day is observed internationally, most festivities are local celebrations. These are often sponsored by hospitals, cancer research facilities and other organizations committed to the cause. It’s also common for other cancer awareness causes to be represented at holiday gatherings, armed with sign-ups for events like the Susan G. Komen Foundation’s Race for the Cure. Events held for National Cancer Survivors Day include fundraisers, carnivals, speeches, concerts and art exhibits. Most events are designed for all ages, so it’s a great idea to bring the entire family along.

This holiday is as much for cancer survivors as it is for those still fighting. For patients still struggling with cancer, seeing and participating in the day’s events can help remind them that they’re not alone and that there’s hope. Look out for purple bracelets in the crowd; these are worn as a badge of honor by cancer survivors. Since many National Cancer Survivors Day events are locally-based, they also provide a great opportunity to meet new friends and supporters right in your own backyard.

Attending National Cancer Survivors Day parades or other events in your area is a great way to show your support for friends and loved ones who have been diagnosed with cancer. Just as cancer survivors typically wear purple bracelets, supporters can often be found wearing cancer awareness pins. Awareness ribbon pins are especially popular, as these can help show which type of cancer a loved one is battling. For example, pink ribbons represent the fight against breast cancer while teal ribbons support ovarian cancer. While supportive clothing and accessory items are not required to take part in National Cancer Survivors Day, they are a nice way to show some added support for the heroes this holiday honors.

Recognizing Bladder Cancer Causes

Bladder cancer is within the top ten most typical cancers nationwide. Among men, it ranks fourth, with well over 50,000 documented instances yearly. It is the ninth most common involving girls, having 16,000 diagnosed yearly with the ailment. Cigarette smoking habits among men may very well partly explain the large percentage, mainly because smoking are among the main bladder cancer causes.

Although it isn’t as big a killer as various other cancers, bladder cancer can be very embarrassing. Bladder cancer symptoms are usually mistaken for some other conditions (for instance kidney conditions). Getting a distinct understanding of just what its signature symptoms are may be able to save the life of someone who have bladder cancer.


One of several factors listed as bladder cancer causes, smoking stands superior. Smokes are twice as in danger as individuals who really don’t. Cigarettes has become attached to about half of the cases seen in the guys as well as a third of those in women.

Exposure to chemical compounds referred to as aromatic amines is recognized as one of the leading bladder cancer causes, comprising an estimated 30% of conditions. These harsh chemicals exist in many different materials and goods which includes chemical dyes, paints, inks and in some cases dust from leather. This makes bladder cancer a job risk to safety, with bus drivers and shoemakers who work with leather all equally prone to getting the ailment.

A reminder was issued in 2011 by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding the widely used drug Actos (generic name pioglitazone). Tests revealed that this particular common diabetes drugs could raise the risk of bladder cancer after more than a year of use by up to 40%.

Diabetics taking Actos might be qualified for damage claims if ever the medication was liable for giving them bladder cancer. You may speak with a law firm that has extensive experience with consumer class actions and medical negligence litigation to know more.


The typical bladder cancer warning sign is a condition called hematuria. It is the presence of blood or blood clots in your pee, and is usually not very painful. Although hematuria is regarded as the common bladder cancer condition, blood clots or blood in the pee are often the result of other conditions so be sure to check with your doctor first.

Dysuria is an additional bladder cancer symptom. Unlike hematuria, this is one warning sign that you can feel as this condition makes urinating unpleasant. If you continually contract urinary tract infections or feel the need to urinate often, those may be signs that you have bladder cancer.


Getting rid of bladder cancer can be uncomplicated or tough depending on how quickly you discover that you have one. As with most cancers, early stage detection gives you the best chance of getting cured from the disease. For bladder cancer in its early stages, surgical removal of the tumors alone can be enough.

As the condition progresses, it can infect the other parts of your body like the lymph nodes. Later stages might need more complex and intensive treatments like chemotherapy. This is why knowing bladder cancer symptoms is significant. If you believe like something is wrong with your urinating, it might be best to see your doctor right away.

Natural Cure For Breast Cancer With Coffee Enemas

I learned about coffee enemas when searching for a natural treatment for breast cancer. After careful consideration of all my options, including chemotherapy and radiation, I chose the Gerson Therapy, a natural treatment for cancer and other degenerative diseases.

At first I was hesitant about the use of coffee enemas as part of the therapy, but faced with a life threatening disease I was willing to try this strange sounding procedure. Much to my surprise I found it to be an easy and refreshing treatment that I actually enjoyed. I immediately felt lighter, happier and more limber.

Organic coffee is a powerful agent for detoxifying. When taken as an enema it purifies the liver and its stored negative emotions, like worry, anger and fear. It gives great relief for both body and mind while fighting cancer.

According to the Gerson Therapy, the caffeine in coffee administered as an enema detoxifies the liver. The coffee enema is retained for about 10 minutes. All of the body’s blood passes through the liver every three minutes. As this vital fluid passes through the caffeinated liver, the blood serum is detoxified.

Coffee enemas flush toxic bile from the liver which further affects the body’s enzymatic catalyst, known as glutathion S-transferase (GST). The GST is increased in quantity by 700 percent by a coffee enemaan excellent physiological effect, because the GST enzyme destroys free radicals.

Discovered by Dr. Max Gerson while serving as a medic in World War I, the coffee enema was found to relieve pain and accelerate healing in wounded soldiers. It later became a part of The Gerson Therapy, a natural regime he developed for healing cancer.

The coffee enema, combined with the Gerson Therapy diet of fresh organic juices, vegetarian foods and supplements, has proved to be an effective method for combatting breast cancer. Flooding the body with nutrition while eliminating toxins boosts the body’s cancer fighting ability and allows it to heal naturally. Within just a few months, my tests confirmed that the cancer was in remission. Not only did I avoid the terrible side effects of chemotherapy and radiation, but I learned to take control of my health and rebuild my body to be strong and resilient. It’s not easy to step out of the box of traditional cancer treatment and try an alternative therapy. It requires great strength, optimism and trust in the body’s natural healing power.

Since undergoing the Gerson Therapy five years ago, I have been enjoying radiant health and strength. I still do coffee enemas a couple of times a month as a preventative measure and to keep my liver strong and healthy.

Friends often ask me if they can do coffee enemas for various health complaints, and the answer is yes! It’s a great cleanse that will help improve digestion, complexion, allergies, immunity, arthritis, and many degenerative diseases. I have scribbled out the recipe for people many times on the back of a napkin or envelope. Now I have finally created a blog to share and discuss the procedure, recipe and benefits.

I also recommend that if you are seriously ill, contact the Gerson Institute and undergo the full treatment for your diseasewhether as an alternative to conventional medicine, or as a supplement to help purify the system after chemotherapy.

As a breast cancer survivor, I encourage anyone faced with this disease to research their alternatives for natural treatment and not to overlook the healing wonders of the bodyand of coffee enemas!

Indian Spices May Help Cure Cancer

According to Indian origin doctors based in US, kitchen spices such as turmeric, garlic, ginger, saffron, and capsicum known for their culinary versatility could be a powerful weapon to fight certain pathogens that can cause cancer.

Dr Shrikant Anant of the University of Kansas Medical Centre, US stated, Over the last 10 years, almost every academic institution and industrial group in the United States has started researching on the cancer-fighting properties of natural substances. Primarily, Indian-American doctors are involved in this, followed by Chinese and Koreans.”

Anti-cancer properties of curcumin and saffron
Laboratory research on animals suggests that curcumin (a derivative of the spice turmeric) has potent anticancer properties.

Now, researchers have launched the first phase of human trials to find out just how powerful it may be.

The researchers are also conducting experiments to determine whether the natural spices are effective in inhibiting cancerous tumors in isolation or when combined with existing therapy.

Lead researcher Dr Shrikanth Anant, professor of cancer research, University of Kansas stated, “Cancer is a complex disease. No therapy is a silver bullet. It has to be a combination. So, we’re looking at options that can make treatment more effective.

Meanwhile, Dr Animesh Dhar, associate professor in gastroenterology at the University of Kansas Medical Centre, is testing saffron for pancreatic cancer.

The studies on rodents revealed that orally administered crocetin, a natural carotenoid dicarboxylic acid found in saffron, appeared not only to slow the progression of the disease but also decreased the size of the tumor by half.

Dr Animesh Dhar stated, Crocetin a compound found in saffron, which has cancer-fighting properties was extensively used in ancient Chinese and Egyptian medicine.

Explaining further, he added, Our experiments on small animals have shown that Crocetin prevents proliferation of cancer cells. We are waiting for permission from the government to carry out clinical trials.

A herbal potion BIRM for prostate cancer
In addition, Addanki P Kumar of University of Texas Health Science Centre and Dr Bal Lokeshwar from the University of Miami have claimed success in reducing prostate cancer tumors by using a herbal potion extracted from the roots of Bryophyllum, known as BIRM.

Lokeshwar stated, We conducted an experiment by injecting mice with cancerous cells and treated a few of them with BIRM for 28 days, while others were left untreated. In mice treated with BIRM, the size of the tumour reduced from 100 units to 50, while in the untreated, the tumour grew from 100 to 250 units.

Lemongrass Oil Shown To Have Potent Anti-cancer Effects

Lemongrass as an herb has been used for centuries for its positive health effects. In Ayurvedic medicine, it has been used for relief of menstrual discomfort and nausea. The fresh grass is used in indigenous medicine systems around the world. Recently, the essential oil has been the subject of scientific studies regarding its effects on cancer cells. One of the features of cancer cells is the upset of natural cell death. Lemongrass appears to be effective as a form of chemotherapy, causing cell death to occur as it should: “Our results indicate that the oil has a promising anticancer activity and causes loss in tumor cell viability by activating the apoptotic process”. These studies indicate that Lemongrass essential oil, with its low toxicity, has the potential of being an inexpensive ‘alternative’ treatment in the future.

Several essential oils have been investigated for their anti-cancer effects, most notably Frankincense, Lemongrass, and the common constituent “linalool”, which adds a sweetness to many essential oil varieties. In one study, human cancer cell lines were examined for their susceptability to lemongrass essential oil as a chemotherapeutic agent. In-vivo analysis was also performed using tumor models in mice — which further enhances the investigation by not only providing an in-vitro (test tube) analysis. A previous study examined the cause of cancer cell death, particularly of human leukemia HL-60 cells. The cause of death was determined to be the formation of reactive oxygen species (free radicals) and a loss of mitochondrial membrane stability — leading to a loss of abiltiy of the cells to make their own energy and to defend themselves against oxidative radicals formed during natural metabolic processes.

Electron microscopy identified that the cancer cells had lost their normal surface projections, meaning that the cells were no longer viable because they were unable to intereact with their environment. They could no longer receive nutrients or communicate with other cells nearby. Further, the nuclei of the cells exhibited condensation and fragmentation typical of cell death. The amount of Lemongrass needed to inhibit proliferation of the cancer cells was relatively low, with an IC50 of only 30 micrograms per milliliter.

Lemongrass oil amazingly was effective against all 12 cancer cell lines tested, though some were more susceptable than others. And although isointermedeol was implicated in these first studies as the ‘active’ agent, Israeli researchers reported in the May 2005 publication of Planta Medica that common Citral — a lemon-scented component of MANY essential oils — also induced apoptosis in several cancer cell lines.

This important factor, notably that more than one chemical of the same essential oil can cause cancer cell death, is extremely interested, pointing out the potential for many essential oils to hold promise as anti-cancer therapies. Linalool, for example, has been shown in a recent study to cause cell death of liver cancer cells at very small concentrations. Linalool is found in a great many oils, most notably Lavender, and any oil which there is even a hint of sweetness. Does this mean other constituents do not have this effect, or do not work in concert with Linalool? Certainly not, and it seems most appropriate not to seperate out what science considers the ‘active ingredient’ — there may certainly be more than one, and without extensive examination, it will be difficult to determine the synergy between all the constituents in these highly complex natural mixtures. It is crucial to recognize the importance of true, authentic essential oils, such as those from Ananda Aromatherapy and other manufacturer’s dedicated to the craft, as the foundation of these natural healing compounds. Single chemicals can simply be manufactured in the laboratory, but it is the plant-based complete medicine that can create a harmony within the organ systems and psychology that may in-fact have the greatest healing effect.

The body of evidence of essential oils as cancer treatments continues to grow. One only need search pubmed.gov for ‘essential oils cancer’ to find an extensive list of abstracts to pique one’s interest. As of today, this search produces 409 results. So why the great resistance to utilizing these fantastic medicines? It is a shame that even within the conventional medical community that many MD’s are resistant to suggesting these ‘alternative’ therapies to their patients, even alongside ‘conventional’ treatments. The time for natural medicine has returned, and essential oils can be seen as a cornerstone for these natural therapeutics, given the large body of evidence supporting their use.

What Are Cervical Cancer Survival Rates

Cervical cancer is third most common malignant disease in women. Cervix being most sensitive connective part of women’s body is adversely affected in cervical cancer. This disease is a silent disease like other cancers, it may fly unnoticed under radar. A woman may remain ignorant of this disease even after couple of years suffering from this disease. Cervical cancer survival rates in USA are better than survival rates in other regions of the world.

According to latest data, almost half a million of women get affected from this disease every year. Only quarter of a million of women contribute in cervical cancer survival rates worldwide. Squamous and columnar are the two types of cervical cancer in women. However, the women suffering from squamous cervical cancer suffer are considered more serious. Squamous cervical cancer is more harmful as compared to columnar cervical cancer.

Dysplacia is the pre-cancerous stage, which if caught help treating cervical cancer effectively. In most of cases 100% of women recovered from cervical cancer when their cancer was caught at the early stage of Dysplacia. Pap test helps a doctor to do prognosis and then diagnosis of cervical cancer. Cervical cancer survival rates in USA are better than other regions of the world, because most of women in USA keep taking Pap test often.

In USA more than 11,000 women are diagnosed with cervical cancer every year. Most of women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer aged between 40 and 45 years. Chances of getting cervical cancer in females aged between 20 and 25 are more than other ages. Healthy lifestyle, mental and physical health, type of treatment and eating habits of a person influentially affect survival age of a patient.

In early stage of cervical cancer the survival rate of women is more than 93%. When cervical cancer reaches to middle or regional stage, survival rate is decreased to 56%. Moreover, women who are diagnosed with cervical cancer in last or advanced stage have survival rate of only 17%. Hence, it is necessary that you keep seeing your doctor and take different tests to identify severity and intensity of disease.

Cervical cancer survival rates may also refer to age or time till a woman may survive. After treatment of cervical cancer a woman may survive five years. In many cases women were seen to survive more than five years after treatment of cervical cancer. Good news is that death rate from survival cancer is continuously decreasing by 4% every year.

Natural Cures for Skin Cancer

Cure skin cancer natural supplements alternative treatment Did you know the majority of your sun exposure occurs before the age of 18, but can take years to surface as skin cancer? Get the information you need to participate in your care and recovery.

Beauty is only skin deep. But skin cancer goes much deeper. Teens quest for beauty not worth the cancer risk.

We think that this occurs only to the people of the mother’s age but it occurs to the teenagers also. Skin cancer can be cured at its initial stage with the treatment and the precautions that are to be followed when suggested by the physician. But it goes deeper if it is abandoned for some period after its appearance. So we should be careful enough and take care of our skin.

Skin Cancer occurs mainly in people with fair skin, light eyes, and those who tend to freckle or burn easily during and after exposure to the sunlight. A history of 3 or more sunburns, particularly blistering sunburns (before age 20) greatly increases risk. A history of severe sunburns in childhood and adolescence may actually double the risk of melanoma in adulthood.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun is the main cause of skin cancer. Energy from the sun actually is a form of radiation. It consists of visible light and other rays that people can’t see. Invisible infrared radiation, for instance, makes sunlight feel hot. UV also is invisible, and causes sunburn and sun tan. UV rays damage DNA, the genetic material that makes up genes. Genes control the growth and overall health of skin cells. If the genetic damage is severe, a normal skin cell may begin to grow in the uncontrolled, disorderly way of cancer cells. UV also can cause sunburn, and other damage that makes the skin look prematurely old and wrinkled.

Two kinds of rays exist in ultraviolet radiation invisible rays in sunlight that cause suntan, sunburn, premature skin aging, and most cases of skin cancer.: * Ultraviolet A (UVA) * Ultraviolet B (UVB)

Some cases of skin cancer, however, may be hereditary and run in families. In those cases, skin cancer is caused by abnormal genes that children inherit from their parents. Genes make parents and children look somewhat alike. They also make them likely to get some of the same diseases.

Anyone can get skin cancer. Although most cases occur in people over age 50 with fair skin, it can develop in younger people, and those with dark skin. In general, an individual’s lifetime exposure to UV light determines his risk. Certain individuals have a risk that is higher than the rest of the population. Included are people who: Have light skin that freckles easily and tends to burn rather than tan. Individuals with blond or red hair and blue or light gray eyes often have fair skin. Live in geographic regions closer to the equator, where sunlight is strongest. Work outdoors or spend lots of time in leisure activities in the sun. Already have had skin cancer. These individuals must take great care to minimize UV exposure and follow other preventive measures.

An adult’s risk of skin cancer may be decided during childhood. Most people get the majority of their lifetime sun exposure before reaching 18 years of age.

Skin cancer first appears as a growth, or abnormal accumulation of cells. It sometimes takes the form of a sore or pimple that does not heal.. Cancer can occur on almost area of the skin, but is most common on areas often exposed to the sun. Skin cancer usually is painless.

The most common indications are: 1. A new growth on the skin. 2. A change in an existing skin growth. 3. A sore that does not heal.

Not all changes in the skin are symptoms of skin cancer. Most moles and other growths are harmless and do not need to be removed. Moles that are unattractive, or in areas where they are constantly irritated by clothing, can be removed by a doctor. The average person has dozens of moles and other skin growths that are benign on-cancerous, a growth that does not spread to other parts of the body or damage normal tissue or non-cancerous. They include:

* Birthmarks or congenital nevi * Acquired moles * Liver spots or solar lentigines, * Seborrheic keratoses * Acquired cherry angiomas * Skin tags * Actinic keratoses

Doctors often measure the success of cancer treatment in terms of the five-year survival rate. A person usually is considered to be cured if he or she is alive and without any trace of skin cancer five years after first being diagnosed. The chances of a cure depend on many factors, including how early the disease was diagnosed and effectively treated.

People who are treated for skin cancer should see their doctor for regular follow-up visits. Follow-up visits allow the doctor to check the tumor site to make sure that the cancer has not come back in the same place, or recurred. If it does recur, additional treatment will be needed.

The individuals who have developed skin cancer once have a higher risk for the disease in other skin sites. Therefore, it is very important for these individuals to have regular medical checkups, examine their skin regularly, and take sun exposure precautions.

The individuals who have developed skin cancer once have a higher risk for the disease in other skin sites. Therefore, it is very important for these individuals to have regular medical checkups, examine their skin regularly, and take sun exposure precautions. Preventing cancer is preferable than treating it.

Treatment for skin cancer depends on several factors including: the stage of the cancer (whether or not it has spread), type of cancer, size and location, and the patient’s general health. Depending on these factors, treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or photodynamic therapy (uses drug and certain kind of laser light to kill cancer cells).4 The best treatment options should be discussed with your physician.

The goal of treating skin cancer is to destroy or remove the cancer completely with minimal scarring of your skin. Your treatment options for the disease depend on a number of factors, including the location of the lesion on the skin and the type and stage of the cancer (how far it has spread).

Generally, the treatment for skin cancer will depend on the following:

* The thickness of your cancer * Whether or not it has spread to deeper levels of your skin or other areas of your body * The mitotic index (an indication of how quickly the cancer cells are growing and reproducing) * The number of regional lymph nodes involved * Ulceration or bleeding at the primary site * Microscopic satellites (spreading of pigment from the mole to surrounding skin) * Your age and general health

The following steps are recommended to protect the skin and to prevent skin cancer: * Cover up tightly woven clothing at blocking out sun and keeping it from damaging the skin. * Use sunscreens by frequently apply sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) * Wear a hat. A wide-brimmed hat is better because it will protect the ears, neck, eyes, forehead, nose and scalp. * Wear UV-absorbent sunglasses. Even inexpensive sunglasses can be effective. * Limit sun exposure. The rays of the sun are the strongest, and thus cause the most damage, between 10am and 4pm. * Avoid tanning beds. Tanning beds are not a safe way to get a tan because they expose the skin to UV radiation, just like the sun does. * Checking medications. Some prescription drugs can increase your sensitivity to sunlight, putting you at greater risk for sunburn.

In addition, all women should schedule regular skin examinations with a doctor. Routine examinations by a doctor qualified to diagnose skin cancer are important for those with a low or normal risk and are especially so for those with an increased risk of developing skin cancer. For individuals who have had skin cancer before, it is best to follow the treating doctor’s recommendations for follow-up care. In between clinical exams, monthly self-examinations are recommended.

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Renal Cell Cancer Treatment In India At Mumbai And Delhi At Low Cost.

Renal Cell (Kidney) Cancer

What Is Kidney Cancer (Adult) – Renal Cell Carcinoma?

Kidney cancer is a cancer that starts in the kidneys. To understand more about kidney cancer, it helps to know about the normal structure and function of the kidneys.

About the kidneys
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist and weighing about 4 to 5 ounces. They are fixed to the upper back wall of the abdominal cavity. One kidney is just to the left and the other just to the right of the spine. Both are protected by the lower ribcage.

Renal Cancer, Von Hippel-Lindau Syndrome, VHL Syndrome Surgery, Von Hippel-Lindau Disease

The kidneys’ main job is to filter blood and rid your body of excess water, salt, and waste products. The filtered waste products are concentrated into urine. Urine leaves the kidneys through long slender tubes called ureters that connect to the bladder. Urine flows down the ureters into the bladder, where it is stored until you urinate.

The kidneys also help make sure the body has enough red blood cells. It does this by making a hormone called erythropoietin, which tells the bone marrow to make more red blood cells.

There are several subtypes of RCC, based mainly on how the cancer cells look under a microscope: –

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma : –

This is the most common form of renal cell carcinoma. About 8 out of 10 people with renal cell carcinoma have this kind of cancer. When seen under a microscope, the cells that make up clear cell RCC appear very pale or clear.

Papillary renal cell carcinoma : – This is the second most common subtype — about 10% to 15% of people have this kind. These cancers form little finger-like projections (called papillae) in some, if not most, of the tumor. Some doctors call these cancers chromophilic because the cells take in certain dyes used so the tissue can be seen under the microscope, and look pink.

Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma : – This subtype accounts for about 5% of RCCs. The cells of these cancers are also pale, like the clear cells, but are much larger and have certain other features that can be recognized.

Collecting duct renal cell carcinoma : – This subtype is very rare. The major feature is that the cancer cells can form irregular tubes.

Unclassified renal cell carcinoma : – In rare cases, renal cell cancers are labeled as unclassified because the way they look doesn’t fit into any of the other categories or because there is more than one type of cell present.

Renal Cell Cancer Causes
The exact cause of renal cell cancer has not been determined. A number of different factors seem to contribute to renal cell cancer.

These factors include the following: –

* Cigarette smoking doubles the risk of renal cell cancer and contributes to as many as one third of all cases. The more someone smokes, the greater the risk is of that person developing renal cell cancer.

* Obesity is a risk factor. As body weight increases, so does the risk of developing renal cell cancer. This is especially true in women.

* Occupational exposure to petroleum products, heavy metals, solvents, coke-oven emissions, or asbestos

* Cystic kidney disease associated with chronic (long-term) renal insufficiency

* Cystic changes in the kidney and renal dialysis

* Tuberous sclerosis

* Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease, an inherited disease associated with several cancers

* Hereditary renal cancer

Renal cell carcinoma risk factors
The majority of kidney cancers are renal cell carcinomas. Risk factors for renal cell carcinoma include: –

* Age. Your risk of renal cell carcinoma increases as you age. Renal cell carcinoma occurs most commonly in people 60 and older.

* Sex. Men are more likely to develop renal cell carcinoma than women are.

* Smoking. Smokers have a greater risk of renal cell carcinoma than nonsmokers do. The risk increases the longer you smoke and decreases after you quit.

* Obesity. People who are obese have a higher risk of renal cell carcinoma than do people who are considered average weight.

* High blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of renal cell carcinoma, but it isn’t clear why. Some research in animals has linked high blood pressure medications to an increased risk of kidney cancer, but studies in people have had conflicting results.

* Chemicals in your workplace. Workers who are exposed to certain chemicals on the job may have a higher risk of renal cell carcinoma. People who work with chemicals such as asbestos, cadmium and trichloroethylene may have an increased risk of kidney cancer.

* Treatment for kidney failure. People who receive long-term dialysis to treat chronic kidney failure have a greater risk of developing kidney cancer. People who have a kidney transplant and receive immunosuppressant drugs also are more likely to develop kidney cancer.

* Von Hippel-Lindau disease. People with this inherited disorder are likely to develop several kinds of tumors, including, in some cases, renal cell carcinoma.

* Hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma. Having this inherited condition makes it more likely you’ll develop one or more renal cell carcinomas.

Transitional cell carcinoma risk factors
Risk factors for transitional cell carcinoma include: –

* Smoking. Smoking increases your risk of transitional cell carcinomas.

* Chemicals in your workplace. Working with certain chemicals may increase your risk of transitional cell carcinoma.

* A withdrawn medication. Phenacetin, which was removed from the market in the United States in the early 1980s, has been linked to kidney cancer. Phenacetin was used in prescription and over-the-counter pain relievers.

The following steps may be taken for a health care provider to make a correct diagnosis: –

* Medical interview: – A health care provider asks questions about the symptoms and how they started, current and previous medical problems, medications, family medical history, work and travel history, and habits and lifestyle.

* Physical exam: – This exam is performed to look for abnormalities that suggest a cause of the symptoms.

* X-rays, a CT scan, and lab tests: – These studies are usually performed after the interview and physical exam. If the results suggest that renal cell cancer or another cancer may be present, referral to a surgeon, a radiologist, and/or an oncologist (a doctor who specializes in cancer) may be needed.

* Biopsy: – A biopsy involves taking a small sample of the tumor. The sample is usually removed via a large needle inserted into the tumor. The sample is examined by a pathologist (a doctor who specializes in diagnosing diseases in tissues and body fluids). Cancer cells in the biopsy sample confirm the diagnosis of cancer. If the diagnosis of kidney cancer is strongly suspected based on x-ray/CT scan studies, biopsies of the kidney are not always done because of the risk of bleeding. The definitive diagnosis of kidney cancer is made at the time of surgery to remove the kidney (nephrectomy).

* Staging: – Another series of imaging studies and lab tests are performed to learn more details about the cancer and whether it has spread to other parts of the body. Careful staging is extremely important for planning treatment and predicting the course of the disease.

Renal Cell Cancer Treatment
The likelihood that renal cell cancer will be cured depends on its stage when it is diagnosed and treated. Renal cell cancers found in the early stages are cured over half the time. Unfortunately, this cancer often is not found until it has reached an advanced stage. The chance of curing metastatic (stage IV) renal cell cancer is small.

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Paclitaxel Ranks First Among World’s Anti-cancer Drugs

Since 2006, the annual total sales of the natural raw materials paclitaxel injection and semi-synthetic paclitaxel injection paclitaxel reached $ 3.7 billion in international market. It ranks top one in international anti-cancer drugs.
After listing in 1992, paclitaxel has been warmly welcomed by the medical profession. The record of annual sales is more than two hundred million U.S. dollars. In the seventh year, global market sales have exceeded $ 1 billion. Thus, the taxol create a sales miracle of a single preparation of the plant anti-cancer drugs, even if the other plants listed earlier anti-cancer drugs, with sales so far, only more than two hundred million U.S. dollars.
So far, the international market, only two kinds of paclitaxel bulk drugs: one from a variety of yew bark; another is extracted from ornamental yew branches in Europe 10-berry red mold base, and then by the semi-synthetic made, namely docetaxel, its structure and natural extract is very similar to paclitaxel. These two bulk drugs are the best-selling API products in the international pharmaceutical market, and a long period of short supply, according to estimates, sales of paclitaxel and docetaxel drug substance ratio of about 10:1.
Taxol anticancer drugs are the hospital of choice in the world. The incidence of tumors of the world in recent years has increased more than 10 years ago, nearly double the lung, breast and ovarian cancer and other malignant tumors also showed multiple trends, the main users of these are paclitaxel in cancer patients. Generally speaking, prior to take its place in no kind of plant anticancer drug paclitaxel sales will only rise, not fall.
According to the latest figures released by the World Health Organization, the United States has now become the world’s first cancer-prone countries, and its new cancer cases each year 1.4 million people, accounting for the 14% of the global cancer patients. The United States has still paclitaxel largest consumer. U.S. cancer incidence rates have increased, the main drug of paclitaxel against advanced cancer, you can believe that its sales will continue to maintain the chia seed momentum of rapid increase. United States and other developed countries in the ten years of clinical use of the process already summed up a set of Taxol and other anticancer drugs, the best compatibility program, its medical department has been inseparable from paclitaxel, therefore, the demand for paclitaxel The amount also was a corresponding rise in the trend.
In recent years, the use of paclitaxel in the medical device is also favored. U.S. medical device manufacturers in the development of a paclitaxel-eluting stent for the treatment of severely blocked coronary patients. This new drug-eluting stents to prevent blood lipids re-deposition in the formation of a new blockage of the stent surface, which can greatly improve the life of the pharmaceutical raw materials stent. Because this drug-eluting stent has become the best-selling products to international involvement in the treatment of medical devices on the market, it was predicted that paclitaxel was introduced to the medical device industry will greatly exacerbated by the international pharmaceutical industry intensified paclitaxel battle degree.
The reason that why paclitaxel can not be further expanded is related with the low content in yew bark. Basically every 10,000 kg of yew bark can extract 1 kg of paclitaxel. This mode of production is bound to destroy the valuable forest resource yew bark which is endangered. But the good news is that the long-term shortage of paclitaxel deadlock is improving. A few years ago, some foreign manufacturers already successful develop the cell culture batch cultivation of yew bark cells. Italy, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands and other Western countries are engaged in the cell culture production of taxol. Source:http://www.cospcn.com

The Top 5 Cancers Of The Female Reproductive System

All of the parts of the female reproductive system like the vagina, the cervix, the vulva, the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, and the uterus have the tendency to acquire cancers. These are classified as the gynecologic cancers. This type of cancers could directly affect the nearby organs and tissues. They are also known to metastasize or spread through the lymphatic system and the bloodstream, thus affecting other distant parts of the body as well.

How Are These Cancers Diagnosed?

Early detection of particular gynecologic cancers, especially cervical cancer, can be done through regular examinations of the pelvic area, Pap smears, and other tests of the same kind. These examinations are even known to sometimes aid in preventing cancer because they are responsible for detecting dysplasia or precancerous changes before they develop into cancer. Periodic pelvic examinations could also identify early cancer signs in the vulva and the vagina. However, the cancers that develop in the fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus are difficult to detect during this type of examination.

If a doctor suspects that you have a certain kind of cancer in one of your reproductive organs, then he will have a biopsy done so that his diagnosis could be ruled out or confirmed. Once you are diagnosed, a procedure or two will be performed so the cancer stage will be determined.

The staging of a gynecologic cancer or any other type of cancer for that matter will be based on the size of the cancer and the breadth by which it has already spread. Some of the procedures that you might be subjected to may include computed tomography or CT, ultrasonography, chest X-rays, bone scans utilizing a radioactive substance, and magnetic resonance imaging or MRI.

What Are the Top 5 Cancers Concerning the Female Reproductive System?

1.The most prevalent cancer experienced by women when it comes to their reproductive system is the uterine cancer. This develops on the uterine lining, which is known as the endometrium, thus it is also known as the endometrial cancer. This is known to be the fourth most common cancer among women in the U.S. Studies show that uterine cancer occurs in one of every five women.

2.The second gynecologic cancer that is most common among women is ovarian cancer. This is known to be fatal because it is generally advanced already upon diagnosis. This is because early stages of this type of cancer do not show any symptoms and even advanced stages show nonspecific symptoms as well.

3.Cervical cancer is known to be number three among all the gynecologic cancers among women. By its name alone, it can be seen that this cancer develops right in the cervix, which can be found at the lower area of the uterus. Usually affecting women aged 35 to 55, this type of cancer can also affect younger women, even those in their twenties.

4.Meanwhile, the vulvar cancer is known as the fourth most common cancer that occurs in the female reproductive system. Occurring on the vulva, which is the external part of the vagina, the vulvar cancer makes up for three to four percent of all gynecologic cancers.

5.The fifth most common gynecologic cancer is the vaginal cancer. This makes up one percent of the cancers of the female reproductive system and normally affects older women, usually aged 60 to 65 years old upon diagnosis.